Are You a Caregiver or Codependent Caretaker?

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Are You a Caregiver or Codependent Caretaker?Conventional belief is that we can never love too much, but that isn’t always true. Sometimes, love can blind us so that we deny painful truths. We might believe broken promises and continue to excuse someone’s abuse or rejection. We may empathize with them but not enough with ourselves. If we grew up in a troubled environment, we might confuse our pain with love. Although relationships have disappointments and conflicts, love isn’t supposed to be painful and hurt so much. Are you a caregiver or codependent caretaker?

As codependents, we have a habit of ignoring our needs and constantly putting those of others first. We end up self-sacrificing. By not having boundaries, we harm ourselves and the relationship. We might also confuse love with being someone’s caretaker.

Caretaking vs. Caregiving

Parental love is expected to be unconditional and one-sided toward their young children. As they grow, good parenting includes mutual respect for each others’ boundaries. Caregiving is a normal outgrowth of love and is also part of healthy adult relationships. When someone we love is in need, we naturally want to help. Yet there’s a difference between “caregiving” and codependent “caretaking.” In the latter situation, we might care for someone in a manner that is intrusive or enabling. We do harm to the other person and risk sacrificing our own lives in the process.

With codependent caretaking, often there’s more “taking” than giving. The caretaker’s objectives can subtlety take precedence. This is because caregiving comes from abundance, and caretaking emanates from need and deprivation. Caretaking can become so habitual that it enables and disables the recipient, so that he or she doesn’t take responsibility for his or her behavior and needs. It treats that person like a child who doesn’t have to grow up and reinforces his or her lack of confidence. Again, due to lack of boundaries, caretaking eventually negatively impacts the relationship as a whole.

When one partner acts as a caretaker of the other, it creates an imbalance and unhealthy mutual dependency — codependence. The caretaker doesn’t have to be as authentic and vulnerable as his or her partner. The caretaker feels needed and superior and at the same time is assured that his or her partner won’t leave. Before long, help turns into, or at least feels like, control, and the relationship becomes more imbalanced.

Over time, both end up feeling guilty and angry. The more a caretaker becomes invested in the problems of his or her partner, the more that advice and control characterize the dynamic between them. What may have started out as an act of love devolves into resentment when well-meaning advice or wisdom isn’t followed.

So how can you tell the difference between caregiving and caretaking? Here are some of the differences:

Caretaker

Sacrifices self

Self-righteous about own opinions

Helping is compulsive

Feels responsible for others

Crosses boundaries with unsolicited advice

Is judgmental

Knows what’s best for others

Gives with strings attached or expectations

Feels exhausted, irritated, frustrated, anxious

Feels unappreciated or resentful

Discourages others from thinking for themselves

Uses nonassertive, pushy, judging, “you” statements

Tries to control recipient

Caregiver

Practices self-care

Respects others’ opinions

Helping is volitional

Feels responsible for self and to others

Respect boundaries. Waits to be asked for advice

Feels love and empathy

Knows what’s best for self

Gives freely without expectations

Feels energized

Doesn’t take others’ actions personally

Encourages others to solve their own problems

Uses assertive “I” statements

Supports recipient

A Caretaking Quiz

Here are some questions to ask yourself:

  1. Do you give unwanted advice?
  2. Do you judge your partner?
  3. Do you believe that you know what’s best?
  4. Do you repeatedly do things for your partner that he or she is capable of doing?
  5. Does your partner meet your needs?
  6. Is your giving reciprocated?
  7. Do you practice self-care?
  8. Do you feel responsible for your partner’s negative feelings?
  9. Do you feel guilty saying “no” to your partner?
  10. Do your partner’s problems preoccupy your thoughts?
  11. Can you listen without giving advice?
  12. Do you get upset if your advice isn’t followed?
  13. Do you give with strings attached?
  14. Is it uncomfortable to listen to another’s problem and not offer solutions – even when asked?

Learn to Detach with Love

The challenge of change is learning to detach and let go. That doesn’t mean we care any less about our loved ones, but we allow them the dignity of making mistakes and finding their own way. We take care of our own needs that we may be neglecting, and we empower others to do the same by supporting their choices. That also means we empathically and lovingly allow them to suffer the resulting consequences, by not removing the natural consequences of their actions, nor having an “I told you so” attitude.

Make “Live and let live” your mantra, and practice saying things like:

  • “I’m so sorry to hear about your situation.”
  • “You really have a dilemma.”
  • What are your options?”
  • What decision (actions) are you leaning toward?” or “What does your gut tell you?”
  • “Trust your instincts.”
  • “I’m sure you’ll find a solution.”
  • “I believe you can handle it.”

Watching those you love struggle can be very difficult, and it can take all your strength not to jump in and help, especially when others expect you to behave in the old way. They’ll likely try to reel you in to give advice and other help. Because caretaking can be a compulsion, you may need outside support to maintain your boundaries and be overwhelmed with guilt. Detachment doesn’t mean being emotionally cold, but taking a hands-off – ego-off approach. This is truly loving someone.  Your guilt will lessen in time and with it resentment making for a better relationship. For more on detachment and enabling, see Codependency for Dummies, and get “14 Tips for Letting Go” on my website.

© Darlene Lancer 2015

 

Are You a Caregiver or Codependent Caretaker? by Darlene Lancer, MFT, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Santa Monica, CA, and author of Codependency for Dummies

 

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A guy
A guy
1 year ago

What would be an example of being pushy, and not assertive?

Darlene Lancer, LMFT
Reply to  A guy

Not taking “no,” for an answer; nagging, persistent questioning and trying to persuade someone who obviously disagrees. Rather than focus on the other person, assertiveness would be stating how you feel, such as, “I worry when you don’t go to the doctor,” or “I’m disappointed you don’t want to meet.”
There’s more involved and it takes practice. I suggest following the steps in How to Speak Your Mind: Become Assertive and Set Limits and the webinar, How to Be Assertive.”

A loving twin
A loving twin
5 years ago

Wow, Great article. It describes me and my twin brother to a “T”. The question is how do you change without becoming cold and uncaring, especially to your partner?

Darlene Lancer, LMFT
5 years ago
Reply to  A loving twin

It’s called learning to let go and detach – a process that’s part of healing codependency. I suggest you read Codependency for Dummies and go to CoDA meetings.

Eran
Eran
5 years ago

Your questions give me no idea where I am between care giving and taking:
Do you give unwanted advice? -Sometimes.
Judge your partner? -Rarely, but most people would say that.
Believe you know what’s best? -Not know, but have a clue what might help.
Repeatedly do things for partner that he/she is capable of doing? -Does coffee every morning count?
Does your partner meet your needs? -some.
Is your giving reciprocated? sometimes.
Practice self-care? yes
Feel responsible for your partner’s negative feelings? Responsible isn’t a feeling. But I think I’m responsible TO her.
Feel guilty saying “no”? Usually not.
So what am I?

Darlene Lancer, LMFT
5 years ago
Reply to  Eran

That’s a good question, but there are no hard lines. Codependent caretaking is a compulsion and part of a larger pattern, as described in Codependency for Dummies. Being responsible to vs. for someone is appropriate, as explained in my book, where examples are given.

James Chavera
James Chavera
1 year ago
Reply to  Eran

What if self care turns into totally forgetting about the partner?

Darlene Lancer, LMFT
Reply to  James Chavera

There should not be a conflict between self-care and care for others unless you feel guilty. If you don’t feel like being with your partner, ask yourself why and what’s missing in the relationship. Self-care should make you MORE available to your partner and everyone.

Eran
Eran
5 years ago

An important and riveting subject, enjoyed reading, but despite the impressive attempt to differentiate care giving/taking (and except for volitional help) I think you really have to get down to specific examples of behaviors, in unclear borderline situations (since we’re talking about two ends of a spectrum), otherwise the ends themselves are very clear, but the whole grey area in between remains vague. For example, what is the borderline between self-sacrifice and self care in a situation where your spouse needs emotional support in the middle of the night and you have a big busy day tomorrow? what would be responsible to vs for them? etc’.

Eran
5 years ago
Reply to  Eran

Your questions give me no idea where I am between care giving and taking:
Do you give unwanted advice? -Sometimes.
Judge your partner? -Rarely, but most people would say that.
Believe you know what’s best? -Not know, but have a clue what might help.
Repeatedly do things for partner that he/she is capable of doing? -Does coffee every morning count?
Does your partner meet your needs? -some.
Is your giving reciprocated? sometimes.
Practice self-care? yes
Feel responsible for your partner’s negative feelings? Responsible isn’t a feeling. But I think I’m responsible TO her.
Feel guilty saying “no”? Usually not.
So what am I?

Laura
Laura
5 years ago
Reply to  Eran

Hi Eran I knew I was codependent when I saw my obese husbands toenails were long and I should probably cut them. He couldn’t manage to do it himself.
I found Darlenes book codependency for dummies to be very helpful and I have found an amazing online psych to help me. I’m separated now and know that I still have a long way to go but I have come a long way already.
Being aware is key
Best wishes Laura in oz

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